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Antifouling regulation

Antifoulings paints

Antifouling paint aims is to protect hulls from fouling. Antifoulings are active paint which contain biocides. Yachting biciodes annual consumption represent 0.4% of the total consumption in France. Agriculture represents 90%, Buildings, Water treatment, road and rail 3%, gardening and other 7%.

Regulation :

European biocide directive has been established in 1998. Using TBT tributylétain, very toxic product, is forbidden since 2003. Cleaning hulls area are sbujected to strictly rules as well. The Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR, Regulation (EU) 528/2012) concerns the placing on the market and use of biocidal products, which are used to protect humans, animals, materials or articles against harmful organisms like pests or bacteria, by the action of the active substances contained in the biocidal product. This regulation aims to improve the functioning of the biocidal products market in the EU, while ensuring a high level of protection for humans and the environment. The active substance / product-type combinations listed are all those for which an application for approval has been submitted under Directive 98/8/EC or Regulation (EU) No 528/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2012, including "existing" active substances included in the Review Programme and "new" active substances. In this regulation, active substances are classified : human hygiene, wood protection products, insecticides, taxidermie…   Active substances for antifouling are classified as product type 21 and represent 12 molecules. The 12 molecules are submitted to eco-toxicolgy tests and environment impacts tests.  (source ECHA http://echa.europa.eu/information-on-chemicals/biocidal-active-substances).

More information on biocidal products regulation by clicking here


Here is active substances allowed for antifouling paints : 

Substance Name

EC Number

CAS Number

Legal Act

Date of Approval

Expiry Date

Evaluating Competent Authority

Approval Status

4,5-Dichloro-2-octylisothiazol-3(2H)-one (4,5-Dichloro-2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one (DCOIT))

264-843-8

64359-81-5

Regulation (EU) 437/2014

01/01/2016

01/01/2026

NO

Approved

Bis(1-hydroxy-1H-pyridine-2-thionato- O,S)copper (Copper pyrithione)

238-984-0

14915-37-8

REGULATION (EU) 2015/984

01/10/2016

01/01/2026

SE

Approved

Copper

231-159-6

7440-50-8

Reg (EU)2016/1088

01/01/2018

01/01/2026

FR

Approved

Copper thiocyanate

214-183-1

1111-67-7

Reg (EU) 2016/1090

01/01/2018

01/01/2026

FR

Approved

Dichloro-N-[(dimethylamino)sulphonyl] fluoro-N-(ptolyl)methanesulphenamide (Tolylfluanid)

211-986-9

731-27-1

(EU) 2015/419

01/07/2016

01/01/2026

FI

Approved

Dicopper oxide

215-270-7

1317-39-1

Reg (EU) 2016/1089

01/01/2018

01/01/2026

FR

Approved

Medetomidine

 

86347-14-0

(EU)2015/1731

01/01/2016

01/01/2023

GB

Approved

N-(Dichlorofluoromethylthio)-N′,N′- dimethyl-N-phenylsulfamide (Dichlofluanid)

214-118-7

1085-98-9

Regulation (EU) 2017/796

01/11/2018

01/01/2026

GB

Approved

N′-tert-butyl-N-cyclopropyl-6-(methylthio)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine (Cybutryne)

248-872-3

28159-98-0

(EU) 2016/107

   

NL

Not approved

Pyrithione zinc (Zinc pyrithione)

236-671-3

13463-41-7

     

SE

Under review

Tralopyril

 

122454-29-9

(EU) No 1091/2014

01/04/2015

01/04/2025

GB

Approved

Zineb

235-180-1

12122-67-7

Regulation (EU) 92/2014

01/01/2016

01/01/2026

IE

Approved

 All antifouling producer must register their products to authorities. Antifouling producers have now to present their formulas and impact studies to get a marketing authorization for France and Europe.

Copper and copper oxides are biocides actives substances and are included in the european regulation. Enven if copper is natural it has impacts on environment. Environnement code article R522-39 mentionnend that it is forbidden to make advertisement on biocides with following elements: "biocide products with low risks", "non toxic", "does not harm to health" or all similar indication. A reference to a biocide must mention human and envionment risks.

Promoting a organic biocide is forbidden.